The properties of carbon make it the backbone of organic molecules. Hydrogen has the potential as a novel antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects. Oxygen allows cellular respiration and muscle energy. Nitrogen to prevent losing lean tissue after illness. Amino acids, which contain both nitrogen and sulphur which is needed for the repair of muscle tissue.

Sulphur is a macro mineral and is an essential constituent of amino acids and is readily absorbed as this form is organic.