HOCl has no toxic material disposal requirements, and is not considered by OSHA to be hazardous waste adding yet another advantageous element to HOCl use (OSHA Hazard Communication Standard). HOCl has advantages over sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in that within its effective antimicrobial concentration range, it is non-irritating, non-sensitizing and cytotoxicity to mammalian cells is so low, that it is an approved as a Medical Device.