What minerals are always present in Fulvic and Humic acids?

Fulvic Acid usually carries 70 or more minerals and trace elements as part of its molecular complexes. Minerals are essential component in correct nutrition, particularly for young growing horses as a lack Fulvic Acids and Humic Acids shows that the major elements in their composition are Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Sulfur. (Gajdo-ová et al. 2001, Tan 2003, Kurková et al. 2004).


  • The properties of carbon make it the backbone of organic molecules
  • Hydrogen has the potential as a novel antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects
  • Oxygen allows cellular respiration and muscle energy
  • Nitrogen to prevent losing lean tissue after illness. Amino acids, which contain both nitrogen and   sulphur which is needed for the repair of muscle tissue.
  • Sulphur is a macro mineral and is an essential constituent of amino acids and is readily absorbed as this form is organic. The Fulvic Enhanced ™ ingredient is bonded to a calcium molecule which supply a chelated form of calcium with improved absorption.

What analysis tests have been done on the product?

Two separate SANAS approved laboratories have conducted analysis and identified the safety levels of all trace minerals present and to ensure there are no heavy metals present in the product at any unsafe level. As the product still falls within a category D, this medicine has not been evaluated by the Medicines Control Council until call up notice is notified. This medicine is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Regulation 40(1) (q) by regulation 22 of Government Notice R870 in Government Gazette 37032 dated 15 November 2013.

Fulvic Health has never had a complaint that the product goes “mouldy”, why?

Soluble humic acid is available as either potassium humates or sodium humates (i.e. humic acid is only soluble in an alkaline base). Sodium humates are preferable for animals as sodium is an important inorganic electrolyte for animal health and good levels should be maintained at all times. We use Sodium humates and it is dried and packed to guarantee shelf life.  Once the bag is opened the product should not have any exposure to water or sunlight. The bag should be re-sealed especially if in a moist room and the bucket closed in between use.

Can a horse over supplement on minerals?

Cells have the ability to accept or reject minerals, including aluminium, lead, arsenic, mercury, etc., at their discretion when presented as organic fulvic acid complexes. It should be considered that these minerals may not necessarily be present to “nourish” cells, but are needed to act as “electrodes” in the fulvic electrolyte solution. In that capacity they are probably most essential for bio-reactions, electron transfer, catalytic reactions and transmutations. Fulvic acid carries complexed minerals in “trace” amounts only, and should not be confused with metallic minerals.

Are Fulvic and Humic “acids” actually acids?

Minerals with a negative electrical charge are attracted to the H+ ion. These are called acid minerals. Acid minerals include: chlorine (Cl-), sulfur (S-), phosphorus (P-), and they form hydrochloric acid (HCl), sulfuric acid (H2SO4), and phosphoric acid (H3PO4). Minerals with a positive electrical charge are attracted to the negatively charged OH- ion. These are called alkaline minerals. Nutritionally important alkaline minerals include calcium (Ca+), potassium (K+), magnesium (Mg+), and sodium (Na+). To determine if a food is acid or alkaline, it is burned and the ash is mixed with water. If the solution is acid or alkaline then the food is called acid or alkaline. Ash is the mineral content of the food.

Is there chloride present in the product and how can this be beneficial for animals?

The chloride (CI) present is a macro-mineral commonly referred to as an “electrolyte” because it helps to maintain the body’s acid/base balance and hydration status. It is also known as “salt” when combined with its partner Sodium. Chloride is an essential component of two intestinal secretions necessary for digestion and absorption of nutrients namely bile and hydrochloric acid (HCI), better known as “stomach acid”.

What is Leonardite?

The difference between Leonardite and other sources of humic acids lies in the fact that Leonardite is extremely bioactive through its molecular structure. This biological activity is said to be about five times stronger than other humic matter. Leonardite is organic matter, which has not reached the state of coal and differs from soft brown coal by its high oxidation degree, a result of the process of coal formation. This may have an over chelating effect in horses.

Why is Peat different to our form of Fulvic Acid?

Peat contains a large number of water-soluble components. The risk of feeding animals with peat as a supplement has only been thoroughly studied from the aspect of the effect of humic substances. Humic substances are natural constituents of the food chain, present in all plant and animal organisms. Humic acids do not induce goitre, but may enhance the goitrogenic effect of low iodine (Huang et al., 1994). HAs are the most widespread natural polymers derived from biological, chemical and microbial decomposition of organic matter. According to the summary by Yang et al. (2004), Ha’s represent a group of natural high molecular weight macro- molecules composed of aromatic rings forming a very complex structure in the presence of phenolic, hydroxyl, phenolic hydroxyl, ketonyl, quinone, semiquinone, carboxyl, carbonyl and alkoxyl groups. The HAs often form complexes with a mixture of metallic elements. Because of the above-mentioned data, one cannot expect that two separate natural sources of HAs can contain identical molecules. Humic substances of medicinal importance are found abundantly in peat, sapropel, and other humified sources Ref: Laub, R. J. Process for preparing synthetic soil-extract materials and medicaments based thereon. U.S. Patent 5,945,446, 999. The biological effects of humic substances can be different, depending on their chemical structure and physicochemical properties and the quinone functional group of Fulvic acid. Chemical composition, structure, and functional groups can vary greatly, depending on the origin and age of the humic substance and the conditions of the humification process (humidity, aeration, temperature, mineral microenvironment, etc. Ref: Chen, J.; Gu, B.; LeBoeuf, E. J.; Pan, H.; Dai, S. Spectroscopic characterization of the structural and functional properties of natural organic matter fractions. Chemosphere 2002, 48, 59-68.

Can the product change in colour and does it smell?

Complexed into the Fulvic, nucleic and amino acid team are innumerable and essential minerals and rare earth elements. They are amorphous high molecular weight substances. They are not manufactured and they are natural compounds-micro and macronutrients from plants, phytochemicals. They are concentrated and transformed and are rock like, inert or fossilized. From yellow to brown to dark coloured they remain truly organic. They also contain silica as a part of their excipients. The flavonoid structure comes entirely from microbial action on ancient plant deposits. They contain sodium, ammonium or potassium humates and are highly hygroscopic. They will therefore never have the same colour. The uroeza of ammonium chloride, which assists with increased elimination of toxins and to prevent kidney stones or bladder stones (listed in the veterinary drug handbook as favourable), may give the product a slight smell upon opening the container. We however use a sodium Fulvic Acid and a smell is unlikely and not offensive to a horse.